Senate

   Advisory and ceremonial body in Rome (q.v.) that Constantine I duplicated in Constantinople (qq.v.) and which continued to exist until the end of Byzantium (q.v.). Occasionally its actions were significant, as in the accession of Anastasios I (q.v.), in the support of many senators of the Nika Revolt (q.v.), and when the senate deposed Martina and Heraklonas (qq.v.). It might also act as a tribunal, as in 653 when Pope Martin I (q.v.) was accused of supporting the rebellion of Olympios (q.v.) and tried for high treason. Revocation of its authority by Leo VI (q.v.) accelerated its decline. However, despite its loss of any real power, it remained an advisory body to the emperor (q.v.) until the end of the empire.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Senate — Sen ate, n. [OE. senat, F. s[ e]nat, fr. L. senatus, fr. senex, gen. senis, old, an old man. See {Senior}, {Sir}.] 1. An assembly or council having the highest deliberative and legislative functions. Specifically: (a) (Anc. Rom.) A body of elders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Senate — sen·ate / se nət/ n: the upper chamber in a bicameral legislature; esp cap: the upper house of the U.S. Congress or a state legislature Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. senate …   Law dictionary

  • senate — [sen′it] n. [ME senat < OFr < L senatus < senex, old, aged < IE base * sen(o) , old > Sans sána , Gr henos, OIr sen, old] 1. literally a council of elders 2. the supreme council of the ancient Roman state, originally only of… …   English World dictionary

  • Senate — Sen‧ate [ˈsent] noun [singular] in the US and some other countries, the upper part of the two parts of government with the power to make laws …   Financial and business terms

  • senate — c.1200, legal and administrative body of ancient Rome, from O.Fr. senat or L. senatus highest council of the state in ancient Rome, lit. council of elders, from senex (gen. senis) old man, old (see SENILE (Cf. senile)). Attested from late 14c. in …   Etymology dictionary

  • senate — ► NOUN 1) a legislative or governing body, especially the smaller upper assembly in the US, US states, France, and other countries. 2) the governing body of a university or college. 3) the state council of the ancient Roman republic and empire.… …   English terms dictionary

  • senate — /sen it/, n. 1. an assembly or council of citizens having the highest deliberative functions in a government, esp. a legislative assembly of a state or nation. 2. (cap.) the upper house of the legislature of certain countries, as the United… …   Universalium

  • Senate — Senator and Sen. redirect here. For other uses, see Senator (disambiguation). The Senate redirects here. For the Northern Soul band, see The Senate (band). The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper… …   Wikipedia

  • senate — n. 1) to convene, convoke a senate 2) to disband, dissolve a senate 3) a senate meets, is in session 4) a senate adjourns * * * [ senɪt] convoke a senate dissolve a senate is in session a senate adjourns a senate meets to convene to disband …   Combinatory dictionary

  • Senate — [[t]se̱nɪt[/t]] ♦♦ Senates 1) N PROPER COLL: usu the N The Senate is the smaller and more important of the two parts of the parliament in some countries, for example the United States and Australia. The Senate is expected to pass the bill shortly …   English dictionary

  • senate — sen|ate Senate [ˈsenıt] n [Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: senat, from Latin senatus, from senex old man ] 1.) a) the Senate the smaller and more important of the two parts of the government with the power to make laws, in countries such… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.